Michelle is a Post Doctoral researcher in the School of Archaeology & Natural History at Australian National University. She received her PhD from the Institute of Archaeology at the The University of Oxford. Her current research is focused on the use of marine sourced raw materials for technology manufacture in early human communities. Her previous research has centered on investigating the maintenance (resharpening, repair, reuse, recycling) of Magdalenian barbed and unbarbed osseous projectile points; exploring the evidence for advanced and symbolic cognition in the Pleistocene archaeological records of Eurasia and Sahul (Greater Australia); and identifying the impact of taphonomic processes on these records. Issues surrounding the development and use of symbolic behaviour and social signalling technologies within Pleistocene Neanderthal and Modern Human populations remains the underlying focus of her research.