Emilio Barucci is full professor of financial mathematics at the Politecnico di Milano, Italy. He holds a Laurea degree from the University of Florence, Italy. His research interests include financial markets, portfolio optimization, and banking. He has extensive experience in working as an independent director in the financial sector. Claudio Fontana is assistant professor at Paris Diderot University (Paris VII), France. He holds a Master of Advanced Studies in Finance from the ETH Zurich and the University of Zurich, Switzerland, and a PhD in Mathematical Sciences from the University of Padua, Italy. His research focuses on mathematical finance as well as the applications of stochastic processes.