Ernst G. Frankel has a B.Sc. and M.Sc. in Mechanical Engineering, Ph.D. in Transport Economics, an MBA in Systems Management, and a DBA in Operations Research. He has been a member of the MIT engineering and management faculty from 1962 to his retirement in 1996. He has extensive management experience and served as Technical Director of Litton Industries, Director of Engineering of Sealand Corp., Operations Advisor for the Port of Singapore, Advisory Board member of the Panama Canal Authority, director of several major shipping and logistics companies, Chairman of American President Lines, Director of Operations of Pascagoula Shipyards, Advisor to Hyundai Heavy Industries (Korea), Advisor to Mitsui Shipbuilding and Engineering (Japan), and numerous other industrial firms. He has published 18 books and over 240 refereed journal articles or papers.