This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 7th International ICST Conference on Broadband Communications, Networks and Systems (BROADNETS 2010) held in October 2010 in Athens, Greece. The 39 revised full papers were carefully selected from numerous submissions. The conference was divided in 3 tracks: Optical, Wireless and Internet. The optical track covers topics such as optical switch architectures, reliable optical networking, routing, wavelength assignment, and traffic grooming, network control and management. The wireless track highlights MIMO and OFDM techniques, mobility management, routing protocols, hybrid networks and the internet track covers routing, scheduling, security, trust, semantic technologies and social networks.