This book presents a selection of advanced case studies that cover a substantial range of issues and real-world challenges and applications in space engineering. Vital mathematical modeling, optimization methodologies and numerical solution aspects of each application case study are presented in detail, with discussions of a range of advanced model development and solution techniques and tools.Space engineering challenges are discussed in the following contexts: .Advanced Space Vehicle Design.Computation of Optimal Low Thrust Transfers.Indirect Optimization of Spacecraft Trajectories.Resource-Constrained Scheduling,.Packing Problems in Space.Design of Complex Interplanetary Trajectories.Satellite Constellation Image Acquisition.Re-entry Test Vehicle Configuration Selection.Collision Risk Assessment on Perturbed Orbits.Optimal Robust Design of Hybrid Rocket Engines.Nonlinear Regression Analysis in Space Engineering.Regression-Based Sensitivity Analysis and Robust Design.Low-Thrust Multi-Revolution Orbit Transfers.Modeling and Optimization of Balance Layout Problems.Pilot-Induced Oscillations Alleviation.Modeling and Optimization of Hybrid Transfers to Near-Earth Objects.Probabilistic Safety Analysis of the Collision Between Space Debris and Satellite.Flatness-based Low-thrust Trajectory Optimization for Spacecraft Proximity Operations The contributing authors are expert researchers and practitioners in either the space engineering and/or in the applied optimization fields. Researchers and practitioners working in various applied aspects of space engineering will find this book practical and informative. Academics, graduate and post-graduate students in aerospace engineering, applied mathematics, operations research, optimization, and optimal control, will find this book useful. von Fasano, Giorgio und Pintér, János D.