. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) used to be regarded as a rare disease. However, the increasing numbers of chronic HCC carriers in the U.S. and subsequent increased incidences of HCC seen in most large medical centers means that it is no longer an uncommon disease for gastroenterologists or oncologists to encounter and its incidence and epidemiology are changing. During this exciting time in the field of HCC basic science and clinical management, many changes are simultaneously occurring at multiple levels of our understanding and management of the disease. Suddenly, there are several new choices of therapy to offer patients. Hepatocellular Carcinoma, 3rd edition addresses this fast-changing disease and gives the reader a clearer understanding of the many mechanisms involved in carcinogenesis of the liver. This comprehensive and detailed review of how to diagnose and treat hepatocellular carcinoma is written by international leaders in the field, covering both clinical treatment choices and the basic science underlying HCC development. Updated and enhanced from the last edition in 2009, Hepatocellular Carcinoma, 3rd edition features 12 new chapters including discussion of molecular markers, molecular hepatocarcinogenesis, microenvironment, heterogeneity, the new and exciting contributions of immunotherapy, and updates on the major effective hepatitis therapies that will transform HCC incidence and perhaps also the therapy. This cutting-edge text is a vital resource and must-have for today's hepatologists and medical and surgical oncologists. "This is a well written text and should be a good reference book for those who see patients with HCC.." - Practical Gastroenterology "...a useful tool for both physicians and surgeons with a specific interest in the management of patients with HCC." - Digestive and Liver Disease von Carr, Brian I.